Solar Energy In India: An Overview
Authors: P. Vanitha, P. Swamy Sharan, K. David
Country: India View / Download Full Text PDF File
Abstract: India's solar energy insolation is about 5,000 T kWh per year (i.e., ~ 600 TW), far more than its current total primary energy consumption. India's long-term solar potential could be unparalleled in the world because it has the ideal combination of both high solar insolation and a big potential consumer base density. Also a major factor influencing a region's energy intensity is the cost of energy consumed for temperature control. Since cooling load requirements are roughly in phase with the sun's intensity, cooling from intense solar radiation could make perfect energy-economic sense in the subcontinent located mostly in the tropics. With about 300 clear and sunny days in a year (i.e., 365 days) the calculated solar energy incidence on India's land area is about 5000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year (or 5 EWh/yr). The solar energy available in a single year exceeds the possible energy output of all of the fossil fuel energy reserves in India. The daily average solar-power-plant generation capacity in India is 0.20 kWh per m2 of used land area, equivalent to 1400–1800 peak (rated) capacity operating hours in a year with available, commercially-proven technology. India plans to add about 100,000 MW of solar power capacity by 2020. Solar power in India is a fast developing industry. The India's solar installed capacity reached 30.071 GW as of 31 July 2019. India has the lowest capital cost per MW globally to install the solar power plants.
Keywords: Solar energy, Photo voltaic, Tumkuru, Karnataka, India.
Paper Id: 606
Published On: 2019-09-30
Published In: Volume 7, Issue 5, September-October 2019
Cite This: Solar Energy In India: An Overview - P. Vanitha, P. Swamy Sharan, K. David - IJIRMPS Volume 7, Issue 5, September-October 2019. DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/N9DJR